Australia Cricket history

The Australian Cricket Team is the national team in cricket that represents Australia at the international level. She is a full member of the International Cricket Council and thus entitled to take tests against other full members. The team has been successful in winning five Cricket World Cups and two ICC Champions Trophy events.

Australia, the official form – the Australian Union or Commonwealth of Australia – the state in the southern hemisphere, occupying the eponymous continent, the island of Tasmania and several other islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans; is the sixth largest state in the world. East Timor, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are located to the north of the Union of Australia, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands are located to the northeast, and New Zealand is located to the southeast. The shortest distance between the main island of Papua New Guinea and the mainland of the Union of Australia is only 145 km, and the distance from the Australian island of Boigu to Papua New Guinea is only 5 km. The population on March 8, 2019 is 25,192,278 people, most of whom live in cities on the east coast. By definition, does not apply to the state without access to the sea, since the mainland occupies one state. The second continent, where there are no countries without access to the sea, is North America.

Australia is one of the developed countries, being the thirteenth largest economy in the world, and has the sixth place in the world in terms of GDP per capita. Australian military spending is the twelfth largest in the world. With the second largest human development index, Australia is ranked high in many areas, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the G20, OECD, WTO, APEC, UN, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS and the Pacific Islands Forum.

History

Beginnings in the 19th century

The first test ever denied the Australian against the English team in 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Australia won with 45 runs. Since the trips between Australia and England took several weeks and the two teams at that time were the only teams that played test matches, the home team was each considered a favourite. That changed only when Australia defeated the English team in the ninth Test Match of the two teams in August 1882 in the London Oval with 7 runs. This resulted in the Ashes series, which has existed until today.

The Golden Age of Cricket

The period between the 1890 season and the beginning of World War I 1914 is often referred to as the golden age of cricket. In addition to England, which remained the main competitor of the Australians, New Zealand and South Africa were added as opponents from the end of the 19th century. The Ashes series were largely balanced and especially the batsman Victor Trumper was star of the Australian team.

Between the world wars

After the end of the First World War, Australia succeeded in obtaining supremacy in the Ashes. In the three series between 1920 and 1925 they lost of the 15 tests played only one against the English team. From 1928, Donald Bradman entered the Test cricket stage, which has remained statistically the best batsman of all time in his time until 1948. This also played a major role in the so-called Bodyline Series 1932/33. Due to the dominance of Bradman, the English were forced to develop new methods to achieve wickets. Due to the Second World War no Ashes series took place between 1938 and 1946 and so the Australians managed to hold the trophy from 1934 to 1950 over six series in their possession.

After the Second World War

After the Second World War, the Australians again managed to build a dominance. Against not only England, but also against the new test nations India and New Zealand victories could be achieved. In the 1950s, there was an up and down for the Australians. Between 1953 and 1956 three Ashes series were lost in a row, they could keep 1958-1968 over six series away the trophy. In December 1960, the team was also involved in the first draw in the test history, as they failed in the first Test against the West Indies did not manage to achieve the deciding score from the balanced score. Also, the 1970s, the Australians could successfully shape for themselves , In the 1977 Centenary Test, a test was held in Melbourne to commemorate the first test one hundred years previously. The Australians won this with the same result (45 runs) as a hundred years earlier.

Start of the Limited-Overs Cricket

From 1971, the Australian team not only in tests against other nations, but also in One-Day Internationals. At the first World Cup 1975, they finished second. Major changes took place in Australia when the World Series Cricket sought to establish itself as a competitor to international cricket in Australia between 1977 and 1979 in the wake of television rights disputes. Numerous innovations were introduced that can still be found today in cricket. There followed a crisis in Australian cricket in the early 1980s. At the World Championships 1979 and 1983, the team retired in each of the preliminary round and also the Ashes series was lost between 1977 and 1986 in five out of six matches.

Beginning of a new dominance

Australia managed to get back up from 1987 onwards. Thus, the World Cup was won in 1987 for the first time and the Ashes series was continuously won between 1989 and 2002. Except for the departure in the preliminary round at the 1992 World Cup, then the World Cup win for the Australian team was a matter of course. After a second place in 1996, the next three consecutive races were won. In the late 1990s, Australia was the dominant team in Test and ODI cricket. Significant contributors to that had players like Glenn McGrath, Shane Warne and Steve Waugh.

The new millennium

While the team dominated, among others, with the help of Adam Gilchrist and Ricky Ponting at the World Cup, began in 2005 to reduce the dominance. They lost the first Ashes series to England after nearly 20 years. And even though the rematch in 2006/07 was successful without defeat, England was able to work its way up to the Australians and even overtake. So they lost at the Ashes 2010/11 for the first time a home series since 1986/87. After winning three World Championships (1999, 2003, 2007), and the Champions Trophies in 2006 and 2009, they retired in 2011 in the quarterfinals. At the 2015 World Championships, they then won the title again. Australia has been far less dominant in the 2007 Twenty20 World Championships and did not go beyond the semi-finals. In 2018, the team was shaken by a ball-tampering scandal that led to the retirement of their captain Steve Smith

Test Match Captains

So far, a total of 43 players have acted as captain for Australia in a test match.

№      name          period

1 Dave Gregory 1876-1879

2 Billy Murdoch 1880-1890

3 Tom Horan 1884-1885

4 Hugh Massie 1884-1885

5 Jack Blackham 1884-1895

6 Tup Scott 1886

7 Percy McDonnell 1886-1888

8 George Giffen 1894-1895

9 Harry Trott 1896-1898

10 Joe Darling 1899-1905

11 Hugh Trumble 1901-1902

12 Monty Noble 1903-1909

13 Clem Hill 1910-1912

14 Syd Gregory 1912

15 Warwick Armstrong, 1920-1921

16 Herbie Collins 1921-1926

17 Warren Bardsley 1926

18 Jack Ryder 1928-1929

19 Bill Woodfull 1930-1934

20 Vic Richardson 1935-1936

21 Don Bradman 1936-1948

22 Bill Brown 1945-1946

23 Lindsay Hassett 1949-1953

24 Arthur Morris 1951-1955

25 Ian Johnson 1954-1957

26 Ray Lindwall 1956-1957

27 Ian Craig 1957-1958

28 Richie Benaud 1958-1964

29 Neil Harvey 1961

30 Bob Simpson 1964-1978

31 Brian Booth 1965-1966

32 Bill Lawry 1967-1971

33 Barry Jarman 1968

34 Ian Chappell 1970-1975

35 Greg Chappell 1975-1983

36 Graham Yallop 1978-1979

37 Kim Hughes 1978-1985

38 Allan Border 1984-1994

39 Mark Taylor 1994-1999

40 Steve Waugh 1998-2004

41 Adam Gilchrist 2000-2005

42 Ricky Ponting 2003-2010

43 Michael Clarke 2010-2015

44 Shane Watson 2013

45 Steve Smith 2015-2018

46 Tim Paine 2018-today

So far, the Australian team has used 9 stadiums on home soil to host friendly matches:

Stadion City first use
1 Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) Melbourne March 15, 1877
2 Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) Sydney February 17, 1882
3 Adelaide Oval Adelaide December 12, 1884
4 Exhibition Ground (The Ekka) Brisbane November 30, 1928
5 Brisbane Cricket Ground (The Gabba) Brisbane November 27, 1931
6 Western Australian Cricket Association Ground (The WACA) Perth December 11, 1970
7 Bellerive Oval Hobart December 16, 1989
8 Marrara StadiumDarwin July 18, 2003
9 Bundaberg Rum Stadium (Cazaly’s Stadium) Cairns 25th July 2003